of naturism in Croatia and the present situation
History of organized naturist vacations in Croatia
goes back in 1930's. The island of Rab
is rightly referred to as the pioneer of naturism
on the Adriatic. The month of August 1936 is frequently
mentioned as the official beginning of naturism
in Rab, i.e. when the English king Edward VIII
stayed there and the Rab authorities allowed him
and his wife to take a nude swim in the bay of
Kandarola. That's why this bay is nowadays sometimes
called "English Beach" or "Engleska plaza".
However it is certain that naturism on the island
started long before that. The article "Trade in
nakedness", published in the Austrian economic
journal "Trend" no. 11/83 reports that the naturist
beach in Rab was officially opened as early as
at the transition to this century and that 50
beds in the hotels were reserved for naturists.
The same article mentions that the first naturist
beach in Rab was opened personally by Richard
Ehrman, the president of the International Naturist
Federation from Vienna in 1934. Naturism in Rab
is also mentioned in the article of the Czech
Josef Herman, in 1907 and of professor Günther
in 1912, which proves that the Rab people had
understood long ago the bright prospects of this
movement which, at that time, was a very bold
Croatia was the first country
in Europe to start with the concept of commercial
naturist resorts, when in other European countries
naturism was limited to member clubs only. Real
naturist expansion started in 1960's when first
naturist camps were opened in Istra and Dalmatia.
In those days more than 100.000 naturists spent
their vacation in Croatia
each year. The oldest naturist resort in Croatia
and in 2001 celebrated its 40th anniversary. Koversada
is in fact a small islet and today it is connected
by a small bridge with the mainland. The story
says that famous adventurer Giacomo Casanova was
the first one who took a nude swim in Koversada.
But it was Rudolf Halbig from Germany, owner of
Miramare travel agency, who, 200 years later -
in 1953, recognized Koversada as a perfect naturist
destination. At the beginning naturists put up
in the village of Vrsar and went to Koversada
islet for swimming and sunbathing. In 1961 Koversada
became officially opened for naturist tourists.
As Koversada was becoming more popular, the islet
became too small and in 1965 resort spread on
the near by shore. In 1972 Koversada hosted Naturist
World Congress. In the course of years Koversada
grew to modern and one of the largest and and
the most popular naturist resorts in Europe.
Soon after Koversada, other resorts opened its
doors to naturists as well: Valata naturist resort
(opened in 1968), Monsena (in 1988 hosted Naturist
World Congress), Solaris and many other.
is offering wide range of naturist facilities:
beaches, camping, hotels, apartment and bungalow
villages. There are more than 20 official naturist
resorts that spread on 8.220.000 sq. meters. Naturist
resorts offer 46.100 camping units, 5.300 beds
in apartments, bungalows or hotels. In addition
to that, official naturist beaches (outside of
naturist resorts) offer a place under the sun
for 20.000 sunbathers. Except of official naturist
resorts and beaches, there are also many so called
free beaches. Those are unofficial naturist
beaches, sometimes controlled and maintained by
local tourist authorities and sometimes not, that
can be found everywhere on the coast.
Naturist beaches in Croatia are marked as "FKK".
This is abbreviation for German word "Freikörperkultur"
(Free Body Culture). The FKK sign is ubiquitous
all along the Croatian coast.
Naturism represents an important
factor in Croatian tourism industry. To estimate
how many percent of all tourists
are naturists is not an easy task, because many
stay in textile resorts and visit naturist beaches
or resorts just for swimming and sunbathing. Some
estimates say about 15% of all tourists in Croatia
are naturists or nudists. That means more than
1.000.000 naturists visit Croatia each year. Most
of them come from Germany, than Austria, The Netherlands,
Italy, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary etc.
Considering country's liberal tradition toward
naturism and a large number of naturist resorts
and beaches, Croats are surprisingly still a bit
shy when it comes to naturism and make about less
than 5% of all guests in naturist resorts. Comparing
to the situation in 1980's, number of organized
naturist in Croatia has significantly decreased
in the last decade. Many agree the reason is stronger
influence of the Catholic Church in the society.
Today many Croats prefer unofficial or secluded
beaches to throw away their clothes.
But still, naturism is strongly suported by official
Croatian goverment bodies. Take a look what official
tourism site says about it (and we're
glad they used many information from this site),
and naturism is even mentioned on tourism site
of Foreign Affairs.